Economic benefits of culture

Volume: 16 Issue: 10

This special issue of the Arts Research Monitor provides a detailed examination of recent national, provincial, and territorial estimates of the direct economic and employment impacts of the arts, culture, and heritage, based on Statistics Canada’s Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators, 2016.

Articles

  • Statistics Canada’s recent release of Provincial and Territorial Culture Indicators (PTCI) provides estimates of the direct economic and employment impact of the arts, culture, and heritage, similar to the 2010 and 2013 Culture Satellite Account (CSA). The PTCI estimates for 2015 and 2016 are based on economic projections, so they should not be considered as precise as the data for 2010 through 2014 (which could be considered “actuals” rather than “projections”).

  • Using the product perspective, Statistics Canada estimates that the direct economic impact of culture products was $53.8 billion in Canada in 2016, or 2.8% of overall GDP. The employment estimate was 652,400 in 2016, or 3.5% of the 18.5 million jobs in the country.

  • Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products in 2016 was estimated at:

    • $7.2 billion in British Columbia, or 2.9% of provincial GDP
    • $5.3 billion in Alberta, or 1.7% of provincial GDP
    • $915 million in Saskatchewan, or 1.3% of provincial GDP
    • $1.6 billion in Manitoba, or 2.5% of provincial GDP
  • Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $25.7 billion in Ontario in 2016, or 3.5% of provincial GDP. In Quebec, the direct economic impact of culture products was estimated at $11.0 billion in 2016, or 3.0% of provincial GDP.

  • Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products in 2016 was estimated at:

    • $543 million in New Brunswick, or 1.7% of provincial GDP
    • $874 million in Nova Scotia, or 2.3% of provincial GDP
    • $108 million in Prince Edward Island in 2016, or 1.9% of provincial GDP
    • $414 million in Newfoundland and Labrador, or 1.4% of provincial GDP
  • Based on Statistics Canada’s product perspective, the direct economic impact of culture products in 2016 was estimated at:

    • $56 million in Yukon, or 2.1% of territorial GDP
    • $76 million in the Northwest Territories, or 1.7% of territorial GDP
    • $48 million in Nunavut, or 2.0% of territorial GDP