This report analyzes 2001 census data concerning visible minority, Aboriginal and immigrant Canadians in the arts labour force.
Visible minorities accounted for 11,700 artists or 8.9% of the 130,700 artists in Canada in 2001. This is less than the percentage of visible minority workers in the overall labour force (12.5%). There were 74% more visible minority artists in 2001 than in 1991. Average earnings for visible minority artists are $20,800, 11% less than other artists, who have relatively low earnings compared to other labour force workers.
There were 26,400 immigrant artists in Canada in 2001, an increase of 31% from 1991. The 26,400 immigrant artists represent 20% of all Canadian artists - equal to immigrant workers' share of the overall labour force. Average earnings for immigrant artists are $23,200, only slightly lower than the average earnings of all artists ($23,500).
Canada's three largest Census Metropolitan Areas (Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver) account for three-quarters of all visible minority and immigrant artists.
In the 2001 census, 3,100 Aboriginal people reported an artistic occupation. Aboriginal artists represent 2.4% of all artists, essentially the same percentage as Aboriginal workers in the overall labour force (2.5%). Average earnings for Aboriginal artists are only $16,900, 28% less than other artists.