Noting that "Canada has consistently ranked as one of the happiest nations in the world", this report indicates that, on a scale from one to five, the average self-assessed rating of the happiness of Canadians is 4.26. Within Canada, happiness is highest on Prince Edward Island (4.33) and lowest in Ontario (4.23) and British Columbia (4.24). Among Census Metropolitan Areas, average happiness is highest in Sherbrooke (4.37), Brantford (4.36), and Trois-Rivières (4.35) and lowest in Toronto (4.15) and Vancouver (4.20).
Based on a telephone survey of 1,000 adult Ontarians, this report highlights public perceptions regarding the value and benefits of the arts. Comparisons are provided with a similar survey conducted in 1994.
Based on a Statistics Canada survey of the spending habits of nearly 10,000 Canadian households in 2008, this report examines variations in performing arts spending between households, including differences in average spending and the percentage of households spending any money on live performing arts. The report found that total consumer spending on live performing arts was just over $1.4 billion in 2008, which is an average of $108 per Canadian household. Between 2001 and 2008, total consumer spending on live performances increased by 49% (after inflation).
Hill Strategies has analyzed Statistics Canada's 2008 data on peforming arts organizations, with a particular focus on non-profit organizations. In 2008, non-profit performing arts organizations in Canada had operating revenues of $668 million, a 1.4% increase from 2007. Operating expenses equalled operating revenues ($668 million), leaving no collective surplus or deficit in 2008. Total attendance was 13.7 million at nearly 43,000 performances, for an average of 318 attendees per performance. Single-ticket sales accounted for almost twice as much revenue as subscription tickets ($142 million vs. $75 million).
Based on surveys completed by 430 Manitoba schools and 29 school divisions, this report examines the situation of arts education in Manitoba schools in 2006-07. The study finds that music and visual arts programs or courses are much more commonly available than drama and dance programs or courses.
While there has been extensive international research on the benefits of music education for young people, there has been only limited research on the state of music education in Canada. Prepared for the Coalition for Music Education in Canada by Hill Strategies, A Delicate Balance provides detailed information about a range of issues in music education based on a survey of 1,204 schools across Canada.
This report shows that Canadian consumers spent over $27 billion on cultural goods and services in 2008, which represents $841 for every Canadian resident. The $27.4 billion in consumer spending is three times larger than the $9.2 billion spent on culture by all levels of government in 2007/08.
Municipal spending on culture is an area that is not covered in any detail by standard Statistics Canada surveys. As such, this report provides some interesting findings on cultural spending by Quebec municipalities. In 2007, Quebec municipalities spent $536 million on culture, representing 5.1% of all municipal expenditures. Montreal and Quebec City, the only two municipalities with populations over 400,000 in Quebec, spent $252 million on culture in 2007, or 47% of the cultural expenditures of all Quebec municipalities.
Hill Strategies has analyzed Statistics Canada data on government spending on culture for this issue of the Arts Research Monitor. In 2007-08, governments spent $8.7 billion on culture, excluding transfers between different levels of government. This represents a 9% increase from 2003-04 (after adjusting for inflation). Between 2003-04 and 2007-08, provincial and municipal expenditures on culture increased substantially (19% and 17%, respectively). On the other hand, federal cultural spending decreased by 3%.
The report provides an analysis of artists residing in various postal regions – "neighbourhoods" – in Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Calgary and Vancouver in 2006. The report provides lists of the ten neighbourhoods with the highest concentration of artists in each city. Nearly 22,000 artists live in the 50 neighbourhoods in the five cities' top ten lists. This represents 41% of the artists in the five cities and 16% of all artists in Canada. Since 41% of all artists in the five cities reside in the most artistic neighbourhoods, the report notes that cultural development in cities is partly an issue of neighbourhood development.