While there has been extensive international research on the benefits of music education for young people, there has been only limited research on the state of music education in Canada. Prepared for the Coalition for Music Education in Canada by Hill Strategies, A Delicate Balance provides detailed information about a range of issues in music education based on a survey of 1,204 schools across Canada.
This report shows that Canadian consumers spent over $27 billion on cultural goods and services in 2008, which represents $841 for every Canadian resident. The $27.4 billion in consumer spending is three times larger than the $9.2 billion spent on culture by all levels of government in 2007/08.
Municipal spending on culture is an area that is not covered in any detail by standard Statistics Canada surveys. As such, this report provides some interesting findings on cultural spending by Quebec municipalities. In 2007, Quebec municipalities spent $536 million on culture, representing 5.1% of all municipal expenditures. Montreal and Quebec City, the only two municipalities with populations over 400,000 in Quebec, spent $252 million on culture in 2007, or 47% of the cultural expenditures of all Quebec municipalities.
Hill Strategies has analyzed Statistics Canada data on government spending on culture for this issue of the Arts Research Monitor. In 2007-08, governments spent $8.7 billion on culture, excluding transfers between different levels of government. This represents a 9% increase from 2003-04 (after adjusting for inflation). Between 2003-04 and 2007-08, provincial and municipal expenditures on culture increased substantially (19% and 17%, respectively). On the other hand, federal cultural spending decreased by 3%.
The report provides an analysis of artists residing in various postal regions – "neighbourhoods" – in Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto, Calgary and Vancouver in 2006. The report provides lists of the ten neighbourhoods with the highest concentration of artists in each city. Nearly 22,000 artists live in the 50 neighbourhoods in the five cities' top ten lists. This represents 41% of the artists in the five cities and 16% of all artists in Canada. Since 41% of all artists in the five cities reside in the most artistic neighbourhoods, the report notes that cultural development in cities is partly an issue of neighbourhood development.
This report finds that 698,000 Canadians age 15 or older volunteered 73.5 million hours in arts and culture organizations in 2007. The 73.5 million hours volunteered in arts and culture organizations is equivalent to about 38,000 full-time, full-year jobs, valued at about $1.1 billion. About 1.3 million Canadians volunteered in arts and culture organizations, donated money to them, or did both in 2007. This represents 5.0% of all Canadians 15 years of age or older.
Some of the key findings of this report include:
- 759,000 cultural donors gave a total of about $101 million to arts and culture organizations in 2007.
- The donations to arts and culture organizations represent 1.0% of financial donations to all types of non-profit organizations in Canada.
- The 759,000 donors to arts and culture organizations comprise 3.3% of all Canadian donors.
- Among the 11 types of non-profit organizations covered by the survey, arts and culture organizations rank ninth with regard to the overall number of donors.
- Average donations to arts and cultural organizations are relatively high.
This survey of 600 students in 10 Quebec colleges was conducted by journalists at La Presse in February 2010. Unfortunately, the report does not provide an estimate of the margin of error. Music is the predominant cultural activity of the youth surveyed.
This report provides an analysis of artists residing in small and rural municipalities in Canada. One-quarter of the 140,000 artists in Canada reside in small and rural municipalities (36,500 artists, or 26%). West Bolton (in Quebec's Eastern Townships) is the only municipality in Canada with over 10% of its labour force in arts occupations.