Arts Research Monitor articles, category = Arts funding & finances

Canada, the Provinces and 12 Metropolitan Areas

This report shows that Canadian consumers spent over $27 billion on cultural goods and services in 2008, which represents $841 for every Canadian resident. The $27.4 billion in consumer spending is three times larger than the $9.2 billion spent on culture by all levels of government in 2007/08.

(Les dépenses culturelles des municipalités en 2007, Statistiques en bref, no 55)

Municipal spending on culture is an area that is not covered in any detail by standard Statistics Canada surveys. As such, this report provides some interesting findings on cultural spending by Quebec municipalities. In 2007, Quebec municipalities spent $536 million on culture, representing 5.1% of all municipal expenditures. Montreal and Quebec City, the only two municipalities with populations over 400,000 in Quebec, spent $252 million on culture in 2007, or 47% of the cultural expenditures of all Quebec municipalities.

Hill Strategies has analyzed Statistics Canada data on government spending on culture for this issue of the Arts Research Monitor. In 2007-08, governments spent $8.7 billion on culture, excluding transfers between different levels of government. This represents a 9% increase from 2003-04 (after adjusting for inflation). Between 2003-04 and 2007-08, provincial and municipal expenditures on culture increased substantially (19% and 17%, respectively). On the other hand, federal cultural spending decreased by 3%.

This report from Americans for the Arts synthesizes 76 national indicators into one simple index for the arts in 2008. The report notes that there has been substantial growth in indicators of arts supply, including arts employment, the number of artists, and the number of arts organizations.On the demand side, however, "the competitiveness of the arts for resources and investment is slipping", with the "Competitiveness Measure" reaching its lowest point in 2007.

The Canadian Index of Wellbeing aims to "create a single, composite index for measuring the wellbeing of Canadians that serves as an alternative to traditional and economic-based measures such as the Gross Domestic Product. The index has eight domains, including "leisure and culture".

Some of the key findings of this report include:

  • 759,000 cultural donors gave a total of about $101 million to arts and culture organizations in 2007.
  • The donations to arts and culture organizations represent 1.0% of financial donations to all types of non-profit organizations in Canada.
  • The 759,000 donors to arts and culture organizations comprise 3.3% of all Canadian donors.
  • Among the 11 types of non-profit organizations covered by the survey, arts and culture organizations rank ninth with regard to the overall number of donors.
  • Average donations to arts and cultural organizations are relatively high.

This study is based on a survey of 14 members of the International Federation of Arts Councils and Culture Agencies (IFACCA) in December 2008 and January 2009. At the time of the survey, many of these world-wide respondents were "unsure about the extent, nature and timing of the impacts" of the recession.

This report, based on a survey of 89 performing arts organizations in the spring of 2009, examines the financial implications of the recession on theatres, orchestras, operas and dance companies in Canada. Unfortunately, the report does not provide an estimate of the margin of error, given the number of survey respondents.
Based on a survey of 259 publicly-funded non-profit organizations in June 2009, this study examines the impacts of the recession on Quebec-based cultural organizations. The main findings of the study include: the expectation of a significant decrease in private-sector revenues; differing results by discipline regarding earned revenues; and larger impacts being felt by larger cultural organizations.
This report includes an estimate of the overall revenues and net value-added of the cultural sector, largely based on Statistics Canada's discipline-based reports and the Conference Board's macroeconomic models of the Canadian economy. The report indicates that "the cultural sector of Canada's economy will be hit harder by the global recession than the overall Canadian economy".