Arts Research Monitor articles, category = Arts funding & finances

Research Note #102

This report examines the monetary and non-monetary value of the performing arts based on a number of different American data sources. The report finds that there are nearly 8,840 performing arts organizations in the United States (with at least one person on payroll). Collectively, these organizations had annual revenues of almost $13.6 billion and over 125,000 paid workers in 2007. Americans spent $14.5 billion on performing arts admissions in 2009. "On any given day, 1.5 million Americans attend arts performances, usually with family or friends."

Statistics Canada recently released data on heritage institutions in 2009, including for-profit and not-for-profit heritage organizations such as art galleries, museums, historic sites, zoos and botanical gardens. The total revenues of all heritage organizations were $1.2 billion in 2009, a 3.1% increase from 2008.

Statistics Canada recently released summary data of performing arts organizations in 2009. Total revenues were $1.3 billion for all for-profit and not-for-profit performing arts groups in 2009, a 3.7% decrease from 2008 (not adjusted for inflation). Not-for-profit performing arts organizations in Canada had total revenues of $643 million in 2009, a 3.8% from 2008.

This report, prepared for the Saskatchewan Arts Alliance, relies on Statistics Canada data to examine provincial government spending on culture in 2008-09. While the detailed findings are specific to Saskatchewan, the comparisons between provinces provide information related to the entire country. The report notes that, on a per capita basis, provincial spending on culture is highest in Newfoundland and Labrador ($139 per capita), Saskatchewan ($132), Prince Edward Island ($123) and Quebec ($121).

CCA Bulletin 17/11

This examination of federal cultural spending between 2008/09 and 2010/11, provided as a Bulletin from the Canadian Conference of the Arts, is based on "funding figures from the Department of Canadian Heritage, its agencies and programs". The key theme of the CCA Bulletin is the relative stability of "overall funding to key grants and contribution programs at the Department of Canadian Heritage".

Statistics Canada recently released a brief overview and data regarding government spending on culture in 2008-09. Hill Strategies has analyzed this data for this issue of the Arts Research Monitor. In 2008-09, governments spent $9.3 billion on culture, excluding transfers between different levels of government. This represents a 16% increase from 2003-04 (after adjusting for inflation).

Based on a Statistics Canada survey of the spending habits of nearly 10,000 Canadian households in 2008, this report examines variations in performing arts spending between households, including differences in average spending and the percentage of households spending any money on live performing arts. The report found that total consumer spending on live performing arts was just over $1.4 billion in 2008, which is an average of $108 per Canadian household. Between 2001 and 2008, total consumer spending on live performances increased by 49% (after inflation).

Hill Strategies has analyzed Statistics Canada's 2008 data on peforming arts organizations, with a particular focus on non-profit organizations. In 2008, non-profit performing arts organizations in Canada had operating revenues of $668 million, a 1.4% increase from 2007. Operating expenses equalled operating revenues ($668 million), leaving no collective surplus or deficit in 2008. Total attendance was 13.7 million at nearly 43,000 performances, for an average of 318 attendees per performance. Single-ticket sales accounted for almost twice as much revenue as subscription tickets ($142 million vs. $75 million).

Canada, the Provinces and 12 Metropolitan Areas

This report shows that Canadian consumers spent over $27 billion on cultural goods and services in 2008, which represents $841 for every Canadian resident. The $27.4 billion in consumer spending is three times larger than the $9.2 billion spent on culture by all levels of government in 2007/08.

(Les dépenses culturelles des municipalités en 2007, Statistiques en bref, no 55)

Municipal spending on culture is an area that is not covered in any detail by standard Statistics Canada surveys. As such, this report provides some interesting findings on cultural spending by Quebec municipalities. In 2007, Quebec municipalities spent $536 million on culture, representing 5.1% of all municipal expenditures. Montreal and Quebec City, the only two municipalities with populations over 400,000 in Quebec, spent $252 million on culture in 2007, or 47% of the cultural expenditures of all Quebec municipalities.