Arts Research Monitor articles, category = Artists' situations: earnings, number, etc.

This site is an invaluable resource regarding cultural policies and programs in European countries, as well as a few other countries around the world (including Canada). The site contains information about policy objectives, current issues, cultural institutions, cultural financing, governance structures, legal provisions, support to creativity, cultural participation, arts education, diversity and intercultural dialogue.

Senior Artists Research Project
The Senior Artist Research Project hopes to find viable solutions to the social and economic difficulties faced by senior artists in Canada. The report provides brief summaries of programs, services and associations that support older artists in 14 countries, largely in Europe.
Prepared by Joyce Zemans, York University
This report provides a brief summary of supports for older artists in 18 countries. The report is based on primarily web research into the programs in these countries.

This project, undertaken by 10 students at Carnegie Mellon University, aims to provide a better understanding of the issues and needs of older visual artists. The report highlights the results in eight categories of services for aging artists: retirement, estate planning, housing, archiving, health care, insurance, business skills and legal services.

Special Focus New York City Aging Artists

This study examines the situation and needs of aging visual artists in New York City, based on interviews with 213 artists between 62 and 97 years of age. The report contends that "artists, who have learned how to adapt their whole lives, have a great deal to offer as a model for society, especially as the workforce changes to accommodate multiple careers, and as baby boomers enter the retirement generation".

This study provides information about professional development practices in Ontario's cultural sector, including data about "how much training is pursued, the types of training, and who is paying for it".
The report provides a scan of 20 countries' policies related to creative workers and artists, including education and training policies, awards and contests, business support and entrepreneurial development, as well as tax and social security policies. "Despite the general assumption that the knowledge economy will produce a labour force which resembles the cultural sector in its core characteristics, most countries have not yet introduced comprehensive creative labour policies to accommodate a more flexible, mobile workforce, and one which is increasingly self-employed."
The key goal of the report is to examine cultural occupations in non-cultural sectors of the economy. The report finds that 40% of culture workers are employed in non-cultural sectors, especially four sectors: manufacturing, business services, educational services and retail trade. Between 1991 and 2001, there were two particularly significant growth sectors for creative workers: the manufacturing sector and the business services sector.
In the context of dismal earnings statistics for visual artists, it is not surprising that the issue of the need for artists to make a living was a key theme of the Summit.
The 2007 Visual Arts Summit opened with the announcement that the Canadian Art Museum Directors Association (CAMDO), Canadian Museums Association (CMA), Canadian Artists' Rights/Front de representation des artistes canadiens (CARFAC) and le Regroupement des artistes en arts visuels du Québec (RAAV) had reached an agreement regarding exhibition fees for professional artists.