Arts Research Monitor articles, category = Benefits & Impacts

Findings from Four Longitudinal Studies

Based on four longitudinal datasets, this American report examines the association between in-depth arts engagement and academic or civic outcomes for at-risk youth. The report notes that high-arts students fare at least as well as low-arts students on almost all indicators of academic achievement and civic engagement, and significantly better than low-arts students on a number of indicators.

Attitudinal Research

Based on a telephone survey of 1,000 New Brunswickers, this report examines their arts participation activities and attitudes. The report found that 96% of "New Brunswickers participate in the arts at least once a year", including reading books (86%), attending concerts or live music events (62%), going to plays (55%), visiting art galleries (37%), attending an arts festival (28%) and going to dance performances (26%). The report indicates that the typical margin of error of the survey results is 3.1 percentage points, 19 times out of 20.

Based on a literature review and several case studies, this report examines culture-led placemaking and "its contributions to livability, economic revitalization, creative entrepreneurship, and cultural industries". The study indicates that creative placemaking efforts are "using arts and culture to animate downtowns and neighborhoods, to stoke their creative industries, to stabilize population and jobs, and to attract new residents and businesses" to small and large communities.

A systemic and integrated vision

This study developed the "Florens Index" as a means to compare the cultural and creative sector between eight countries and between Italian regions. The U.S. ranked first on all four key elements, generating an overall index score of 3.45. The United Kingdom ranked second (index score of 3.10), followed by France (2.91), Italy (2.62), Germany (2.56), Spain (2.28), Japan (2.20), and Greece (1.62).

Research Note #104

This research note provides information about the value added to the American Gross Domestic Product in 2009 from three key industries:

  • Publishing (including software publishing) added $147.7 billion to the American economy.
  • Performing arts, sports and museums contributed $70.9 billion.
  • Motion pictures and sound recording added $59.8 billion to the American economy.
  • Combined, these three industries contributed $278.4 billion.
Research Note #102

This report examines the monetary and non-monetary value of the performing arts based on a number of different American data sources. The report finds that there are nearly 8,840 performing arts organizations in the United States (with at least one person on payroll). Collectively, these organizations had annual revenues of almost $13.6 billion and over 125,000 paid workers in 2007. Americans spent $14.5 billion on performing arts admissions in 2009. "On any given day, 1.5 million Americans attend arts performances, usually with family or friends."

This brief report examines the economic impact of travellers who attended cultural events, attended sporting events or participated in team sports in 2007. Regarding tourism receipts, the report indicates that tourists who attended cultural activities spent a total of $8.0 billion in 2007. Regarding net economic impact, cultural tourists generated $5.1 billion of economic activity, over 110,000 full-time jobs, and $419 million in government taxes (an estimate that does not include income taxes).

This symposium, organized as part of Winnipeg's Cultural Capital of Canada 2010 activities, was designed to "deliberate and debate the current and future relationships of art and design to city-making".

Kelly Hill recently conducted a number of presentations in smaller cities, including St. John's, St. Catharines and Barrie. These presentations provide some insights into the situation of arts and culture in smaller and regional centres.

This briefing paper, written for generalist planners, highlights how "arts and culture strategies help to reveal and enhance the underlying identity – the unique meaning, value, and character" – of a community.