Arts Research Monitor articles, category = Economic impacts of the arts

Research Note #102

This report examines the monetary and non-monetary value of the performing arts based on a number of different American data sources. The report finds that there are nearly 8,840 performing arts organizations in the United States (with at least one person on payroll). Collectively, these organizations had annual revenues of almost $13.6 billion and over 125,000 paid workers in 2007. Americans spent $14.5 billion on performing arts admissions in 2009. "On any given day, 1.5 million Americans attend arts performances, usually with family or friends."

This brief report examines the economic impact of travellers who attended cultural events, attended sporting events or participated in team sports in 2007. Regarding tourism receipts, the report indicates that tourists who attended cultural activities spent a total of $8.0 billion in 2007. Regarding net economic impact, cultural tourists generated $5.1 billion of economic activity, over 110,000 full-time jobs, and $419 million in government taxes (an estimate that does not include income taxes).

This symposium, organized as part of Winnipeg's Cultural Capital of Canada 2010 activities, was designed to "deliberate and debate the current and future relationships of art and design to city-making".

Kelly Hill recently conducted a number of presentations in smaller cities, including St. John's, St. Catharines and Barrie. These presentations provide some insights into the situation of arts and culture in smaller and regional centres.

This briefing paper, written for generalist planners, highlights how "arts and culture strategies help to reveal and enhance the underlying identity – the unique meaning, value, and character" – of a community.

How arts and culture can tackle economic, social and democratic engagement challenges in smaller cities

This discussion paper provides British examples of how the arts and culture sector can help stimulate and sustain economic growth, build a sense of shared identity, promote community cohesion, and help address challenges regarding infrastructure and skill levels.

Mark J. Stern, University of Pennsylvania

According to this presentation, the cultural sector can be seen as an ecosystem "that is central to the 'architecture of community'", especially four key community dimensions: social capital, public assets, market relations, and the flows of information, capital and people.

Impacts and Insights from Three Case Studies drawn from Artspace Projects’ Earliest Developments

This report examines the social, economic and physical impacts of two artists' cooperatives and a centre for visual arts in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. The report finds that "these artist spaces have produced clear benefits for in-house arts tenants and the surrounding neighborhood and region". More specifically, the study "found evidence that these artist spaces support, attract, and help retain artist entrepreneurs who enhance the regions' economic competitiveness". Specific economic and social benefits include drawing visitors to the area (who engage in ancillary spending), increasing civic involvement and safety, as well as "providing new spaces open to the public".

Statistics Canada's Satellite Account of Nonprofit Institutions and Volunteering provides information on the economic size and scope of the non-profit sector. The non-profit sector's Gross Domestic Product was $101 billion in 2007. Statistics Canada's analysis indicates that "the broader non-profit sector, which includes hospitals, universities and colleges, exceeded by more than one third the value added of the entire retail trade industry, and outpaced the value added of the mining, oil and gas extraction industry."

An International English-Language Literature Review and Inventory of Resources

The literature review in the Creative City Network of Canada series of reports on Developing and Revitalizing Rural Communities through Arts and Creativity examines the nature of cultural activity in rural communities, the community context for arts development, the role of the arts in economic development, and governance strategies.